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Top 10 Mobile Development Frameworks with Pros and Cons

The mobile app development market is growing at a rate of CARG 14% and expected to touch 100 USD Billion by 2022.

Have you ever questioned what are the things used in making all such mobile applications that make your life much easier?

There is a myth that Mobile app development required lots of money to hire mobile app developers, which only large-scale businesses & corporations were able to afford, thanks to mobile app development frameworks, it’s not the case anymore.

Now, you must be thinking about what is the Mobile Application Development Framework, right?

What is App Development Frameworks?

A mobile development framework is a software framework that is designed to support mobile app development.  These frameworks are mainly a set of tools that allow different methods of web development, like HTML5, CSS3, etc., to be adapted to a mobile application development platform.

It is a software library that provides a fundamental structure to support the development of applications for a specific environment.

Cross-platform mobile frameworks used by software developers worldwide in 2019 and 2020

Cross-platform mobile frameworks used by software developers worldwide in 2019 and 2020

When we saw the above Statista research, React Native (42 percent of developers used React Native) is one of the most popular cross-platform mobile frameworks used by developers worldwide as per the 2020 developer survey.

Read More: Best Tools for Advanced Mobile App Development

Let’s dive into each app development framework in 2020 that can help you to build Mobile Applications more efficiently and conveniently.

Top 10 Mobile App Development Frameworks

Top 10 Mobile App Development Frameworks

Top 10 Mobile App Development Frameworks

1. React Native Framework

React Native FrameworkReact Native brings what developers are used to from React on the web — declarative self-contained UI components and fast development cycles — to the mobile platform while retaining the speed, fidelity, and feel of native applications.

For several years now, React Native is in nutshell in the world of mobile development. No wonder – it took the tech world by storm by offering a way to develop mobile apps for both iOS and Android simultaneously.

Read More: React Native: Future, Benefit and Practices to Getting the Best of It

Today, React Native is supported by contributions from individuals and companies around the world including Callstack, Expo, Infinite Red, Microsoft, and Software Mansion.

Now let’s take a look at the pros and cons of React Native for app development in 2020.

Pros of React Native Framework:

  1. Easy to work with
  2. Quick iteration cycles
  3. Keep things minimal and worthy
  4. A large community of developers
  5. Compatible with third-party plugins
  6. Smoother and faster UI
  7. Live reloading feature
  8. Intelligent debugging tools
  9. Pre-developed components
  10. Compatible with third-party plugins

Cons of React Native Framework:

  1. Performance is still lower than native
  2. Not efficient design-wise
  3. Absence of custom modules
  4. Updating issues
  5. Need to hacking some existing solutions or creating new ones from scratch
  6. Documentation still needs an upgrade
  7. JavaScript runs on a single thread

2. Xamarin Framework

Xamarin FrameworkXamarin was founded in May 2011. It is a Microsoft-owned software company based in San Francisco, California. Xamarin tools are among the best for building cross-platform applications. These have implementations of Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) and Common Language Specifications (Microsoft.Net).

The main purpose of any mobile development framework is to provide a way for the same code to be used across as many platforms for applications as possible. Using a C# shared codebase and the Xamarin tools makes this universality possible for Android, iOS, Windows, macOS, and many more. It can reuse not only the code and tools but also the functions. It is a great help in hastening the process and saves a lot of time.

Read More: 5 Reasons why Xamarin is the Best Deal for Enterprise Development

Pros of Xamarin Framework

  1. Code reusability, where you have to write code just once and deploy anywhere
  2. It is Microsoft-backed, meaning you have perpetual support, stability, community support, and more
  3. Xamarin allows you to swiftly develop commercial apps that you need to take to market immediately
  4. Extensive data on crashes, devices, user activities, and more

Cons of Xamarin Framework

  1. The commercial app development aspect of Xamarin comes with a pricing plan that is quite hefty
  2. Xamarin offers a distinct set of challenges and limitations to specific platforms such as iOS and Android
  3. The reusability of the code written in Xamarin is restricted only within the .NET development stack
  4. It is not designed for game development

Ideal for

  1. Projects where custom user interface has more priorities than code sharing
  2. Apps that lay more emphasis on immersive user experience

3. Ionic Framework

 

Ionic FrameworkIonic Framework is a free, open-source MIT-licensed framework, which when produces great results when used together with AngularJS. This framework is particularly famous for its predefined and extensive features and elements. It provides web technologies like CSS, HTML5, and Sass to produce native-looking apps.

This framework provides Live Reload along with many other advanced tools and technologies for developing apps. Live Reload is used to make the job of compiling and redeploying your app at each step easier and faster. Apps can be built using the web technologies provided by the framework and installed on to devices from Play Store by employing Cordova.

Read More: 3 Rock Solid Features of Ionic ‘Beryllium’ to Create Incredible Mobile Apps

Pros of Ionic Framework

  1. It offers a comparatively faster time-to-market
  2. It allows you to turn a native app into a desktop app or a progressive web application
  3. It offers a dynamic range of plugins and integration functionalities
  4. Its documentation is straightforward and to the point

Cons of Ionic Framework

  1. Ionic lacks stability when it comes to handling the performance of heavy applications
  2. You have to rely on plugins to access native functionalities
  3. No hot reloading feature
  4. Still has loopholes for possible security threats

Ideal For

  1. Developing apps that are not heavy in terms of features and functionalities

4. Flutter Framework

Flutter FrameworkOver 2 million developers have used Flutter in the last 2 years of its release and it’s constantly growing.

Flutter is Google’s UI toolkit for building beautiful, natively compiled applications for mobile, web, and desktop from a single codebase.

It is an open-source framework that can develop cross-platform applications using one codebase.

Flutter is more of a software development kit comprising all the tools and graphics used in app development. After all, it has its own graphic engine called Skia.

Let’s explore the benefits and disadvantages of using Flutter in your mobile app project.

Pros of Flutter Framework

  1. Relatively fast development
  2. Full customization & fast rendering
  3. Separates UI from native controls
  4. Access to Native Feature
  5. Faster Development
  6. Simultaneous App Updates on Android and iOS
  7. Easier to Maintain and Develop New Features
  8. Instant Fuchsia Support
  9. Easy Adapting to Different Screen Dimensions

Cons of Flutter Framework

  1. Still an immature framework
  2. Flutter apps are quite large and “heavy” to start with
  3. Not supported by a web browser
  4. Limited Set of Tools and Libraries
  5. Weak iOS features support

5. Framework 7

Framework 7

Framework 7 is a free, open-source framework that makes apps for iOS and Android platforms. It provides HTML, CSS, and JavaScript in an easy-to-use manner and format. This helps in creating dynamic apps which have a look similar to native apps. The styling components and inbuilt animations provided by this framework make the overall result aesthetically pleasing.

This is an extremely useful tool when it comes to producing working prototypes for apps at a short notice. This is why it is called a prototyping app tool. However, it needs to be combined with tools like Cordova and PhoneGap as it doesn’t have any facilities for app packaging.

Pros of Framework 7

  1. Framework 7 can be used with other frameworks like React and Angular
  2. If you know HTML, JavaScript, and basic CSS, you can get started with Framework 7
  3. Ideal for swift development of projects
  4. Has the minimal learning curve for mobile app development

Cons of Framework 7

  1. Mobile app development is restricted to only Android and iOS+
  2. Its documentation is very average
  3. Not an ideal framework if you don’t prefer HTML5-based solutions
  4. Lesser community support compared to Android and iOS

Ideal For

  1. Projects that are to be built on a tight deadline

6. PhoneGap Framework

 

PhoneGap FrameworkPhoneGap is the most popular and in-demand mobile app development framework at present. This is because it facilitates the same code to be available for different platforms regardless of the device. PhoneGap is an open-source distribution of the Apache Cordova framework. It employs the usage of web technologies like HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript.

Many mobile devices do not support HTML5 so Cordova ingrains the HTML5 code inside a native WebView, using a function interface to access its native resources. Cordova can also be extended with plug-ins allowing more functionalities to be called in from JavaScript.

Pros of PhoneGap Framework

  1. The learning curve is minimal, meaning developers can quickly get used to the tool
  2. Code reusability across diverse platforms
  3. Built for dynamic testing and deployment

Cons of PhoneGap Framework

  1. Lack of graphics support prevents you from building apps like games or feature-rich apps
  2. Unavailability of user interface widgets

Ideal For

  1. The development of enterprise-level applications

7. Onsen UI Framework

 

Onsen UI FrameworkOnsen UI is an open-source framework, licensed under Apache. It is relatively new but good enough to provide tough competition for the currently trending frameworks. One of the best features of this framework is that it gives you the option of using multiple frameworks like Angular, Angular 2, React, etc, or using just JavaScript to build apps.

It can write apps in HTML5 and JavaScript. It then employs the usage of PhoneGap and Cordova for combining the overall work to build a full-fledged app. It is readily available, easy to use, flexible, and also free for commercial projects.

Pros of Onsen UI Framework

  1. It is compatible with all JavaScript frameworks
  2. It offers rapid prototyping functionalities
  3. You can develop both native and hybrid mobile applications

Cons of Onsen UI Framework

  1. No support for Material Design (yet)

Ideal For

  1. Projects that involve cross-platform app development

8. Mobile Angular UI

Mobile Angular UI Framework

Mobile Angular UI is an open-source license as free under MIT. It uses a combination of Angular framework and Bootstrap3 to produce mind-blowing HTML5 app experiences. It might use Bootstrap but it has no dependency on any Bootstrap libraries, including jQuery.

It only uses AngularJS directives. For better experiences, it employs fastclick.js and overthrow.js. It has multiple UI components like – sidebars, overlays, switched, etc. Most query files can be added or removed as per your jurisdiction.

Pros of Mobile Angular UI Framework

  1. It is designed to work seamlessly with older web browsers
  2. If you have rich JQuery knowledge, you can make the best use of Mobile Angular UI

Cons of Mobile Angular UI Framework

  1. It is quite a struggle to add custom features

Ideal for

  1. Developing apps that require out-of-the-box features

9. Sencha Ext JS Framework

Sencha Ext JS FrameworkSencha Ext JS is the most comprehensive JavaScript framework for building data-intensive, cross-platform mobile applications, and web applications for any modern device.

Ext JS includes 140+ UI components, such as HTML5 calendar, grids, pivot grid, D3 adapter, trees, lists, forms, menus, toolbars, panels, windows, and much more.

Let’s take a look at the pros and cons of Sencha Ext JS

Pros of Sencha Ext JS Framework

  1. With a native look paired with cross-platform support, Sencha ranks higher than its competitors
  2. Ready-to-use widgets
  3. Premium choice when it comes to application development for enterprises

Cons of Sencha Ext JS Framework

  1. Single contender for enterprise-grade app development
  2. A higher price tag for development tools
  3. Expensive licensing cost

10. Kendo UI Framework

Kendo UI FrameworkKendo UI is a comprehensive HTML5 user interface framework for building interactive and high-performance websites and applications.

Kendo UI for jQuery provides AngularJS and Bootstrap integration and is also distributed as part of several product units that you can choose from depending on your project requirements.

Let’s take a look at the pros and cons of Kendo UI

Pros of Kendo UI Framework:

  1. It is easy to master
  2. It uses a free open source framework
  3. Multi-framework support
  4. Built-In, Customizable Themes
  5. Mobile-Friendly and Responsive

Cons of Kendo UI Framework:

  1. Limited feature set
  2. Technical support isn’t as advanced as other open-source platforms
  3. Commercial-use widgets need a commercial license

For mobile application development, when choosing a framework, you must focus on features that will reduce your time and effort. It is preferable if the framework is capable of reusing the same code for multiple platforms as well. Hybrid models are not the perfect solution but in today’s world where speed and time-efficiency are of the utmost importance, these bring forth the best results with minimum expense and resources.

Top 10 Mobile App Development Framework

Top 10 Mobile App Development Framework

Wrapping Up

So, these were the top mobile app development frameworks. By now, you understand the pros and cons of each, know what they are, and have an idea of what projects to use them for as well.

Read More: Why should you outsource your Mobile App Development?

However, if all this seems daunting, we recommend you go for a mobile app development company like us. We know the ins and outs of mobile app development and we deploy the best ones depending on projects. You work on taking your business to the masses while we work on making the time they spend on your app worthy.

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The concept of Agohra was born to tackle a plaguing concern – our lack of time. In this swiftly functioning world, time is something we find hard to make. In our distribution of time, we tend to lose out on some things that are crucial for our everyday lives,

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FAQs

Which framework is used in Android?
All Cross-Platform mobile app development frameworks are used in Android. Here are some examples are:
  • React Native
  • Ionic
  • Flutter
  • Native Android Framework
  • Xamarin
  • Framework 7
  • Corona SDK
  • jQuery Mobile
  • NativeScript
  • Appcelerator Titanium
Which are best frameworks for mobile app development?
It totally depends on your project requirement. But After some research, we list down the 10 best frameworks for mobile app development.
  • React Native
  • Xamarin
  • Ionic
  • Flutter
  • PhoneGap
  • Mobile Angular UI
  • Framework 7
  • Onsen UI
  • Sencha Ext JS
  • Kendo UI
What are mobile frameworks?
A mobile development framework is a software framework that is designed to support mobile app development. It is a software library that provides a fundamental structure to support the development of applications for a specific environment.

Nisarg Mehta Nisarg Mehta

Nisarg Mehta, CEO & Chairman of Techtic Solutions, is the vision of the company. Nisarg is active in operations in his daily routine as he is one of the key decision makers in terms of technological advancements of the company. He is a friendly leader with hardworking, motivating, visionary and passionate personality.

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