Top 10 Open Source IoT Frameworks

While IoT is still a buzzword to a lot of people, IoT frameworks just take the complexity up a notch. However, we’re here to simplify things. Before we dive into what some of the open-source IoT frameworks are, let’s comprehend what it means.

Major Components of IoT (Internet of Things)

Major Components of IoT (Internet of Things)

The open-source IoT platforms make it probable for companies and professionals to fit in and attain their significant assets within a single central location, along with workflows and design applications and envision the data.

What is an Open-Source IoT platform?

For understanding an open-source IoT platform, we will ponder on the below three realities:

  1. Each consumer desires to utilize any IoT device of their preference without being restricted or bound to a specific product vendor. For example, some smart devices need to be clubbed with only smartphones from the same retailer.
  2. All business dealers of IoT devices desire to integrate their particular devices with ease and diverse ecosystems.
  3. All application developers desire their apps back multiple IoT devices, which need not demand to blend the specially developed vendor-specific codes.

The open-source framework is a one-stop solution to the above constraints, and it enables scalability and superior levels of flexibility. Many open-source IoT frameworks can be downloaded for free and installed quite straightforwardly across your applications.

Architecture of Internet of Things (IoT)

The architecture of the Internet of Things (IoT)

The fundamental components of IoT frameworks include:

1. Hardware Devices

Includes sensors, controllers, micro-controllers, and other hardware devices.

2. Software Applications

Involves written applications to configure controllers and operate them from the remote and do more.

3. Cloud and Communication Platforms

An inevitable part of IoT over which all communications happen.

4. Cloud Applications

Written applications that bind local hardware devices and cloud-based devices.

Read More: IoT in Healthcare – Benefits, Challenges, and Features

Top 10 Open Source IoT Frameworks:

Many business organizations try and tested some out-of-the-box open-source platforms when they find the best IoT tools that can provide robust analytics and interoperability between their connected devices. Let’s get a brief overview of the 10 most deployed open source IoT frameworks to see if they meet your business needs.

1. KAA IoT

Open Source IoT Framework - KAAKaa IoT cloud platform is one the most efficient and rich open-source Internet of Things cloud platforms where anyone has a free way to materialize their smart product concepts. On this platform, you can manage an unlimited number of connected devices with cross-device interoperability.

You can achieve real-time device monitoring with the possibility of remote device provisioning and configuration. It is one of the most flexible IoT platforms for your business which is fast, scalable, and modern.

2. MACCHINA.io

IoT Framework Open Source - MACCHINA.iomacchina.io IoT platforms provide a web-enabled, modular, and extensible JavaScript and C++ runtime environment for developing IoT gateway applications. It also supports a wide variety of sensors and connection technologies including Tinkerforge, bricklets, Xbee, and many others including accelerometers.

This platform is able to develop and deploy device software for automotive telematics and V2X, building and home automation, industrial edge computing and IoT gateways, smart sensors, or energy management systems.

3. ZETTA

Open Source IoT Framework - ZETTAZetta is a server-oriented platform that has been built around NodeJS, REST, and a flow-based reactive programming development philosophy linked with the Siren hypermedia APIs. They are connected with cloud services after being abstracted as REST APIs. People believe that the Node.js platform is best to develop IoT frameworks.

These cloud services include visualization tools and support for machine analytics tools like Splunk. It creates a zero-distributed network by connecting endpoints such as Linux and Arduino hacker boards with platforms such as Heroku.

4. GE PREDIX

Best IoT Framework - GE PREDIXGE’s platform as a service software for industrial IoT is based on the concept of cloud foundry. It adds asset management, data collection, device security, and real-time, predictive analytics that also supports heterogeneous data acquisition, access, and storage.

GE predix was developed by GE for its own operations and consequently has become one of the most successful of the enterprise IoT platforms and with the recent partnering of GE and HPE, the future looks even better.

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5. ThingSpeak

IoT application framework - ThingSpeakThingSpeak is another IoT platform that lets you analyze and visualize the data in MATLAB and eliminates the need to buy a license for the same. It helps you to collect and store sensor data in private channels while giving you the freedom to share them in public channels.

It works with Arduino, particle photon and electron, and many more applications. It is used mostly for sensor logging, location tracking, and alerts and analysis. It also has a worldwide community which is quite helpful in itself.

6. DeviceHive

Open Source IoT Platform - DeviceHiveDeviceHive is yet another feature-rich open-source IoT platform that is currently distributed under the Apache 2.0 license and is free to use and change. It provides Docker and Kubernetes deployment options and can be downloaded and use with both public and private cloud.

It allows you to run batch analytics and machine learning on top of your device data and more. Various libraries, including Android and iOS libraries, are supported in DeviceHive.

7. Distributed Services Architecture

Open Source IoT Framework - Distributed Services ArchitectureDSA is an open-source IoT that unifies the separate devices, services, and applications in the structured and real-time data model and facilitates decentralized device inter-communication, logic, and applications.

Distributed service links are a community library that allows protocol translation and data integration to and from 3rd part data sources. All these modules are lightweight making them more flexible in use. It implements DSA query DSL and has inbuilt hardware integration support.

8. Eclipse

IoT Platfrom - EclipseEclipse IoT platform is built around the java/OSGi-based Kura API container and aggregation platform for M2M applications running on service gateways. Kura is an open-source framework based on Eurotech’s everywhere cloud IoT framework and is often integrated with the Apache Camel.

Some of its major sub-projects include the PAho messaging protocol framework and the Eclipse SmartHome framework.

9. Open Connectivity Foundation

Open Source IoT Platform - Open Connectivity FoundationOpen Connectivity Foundation platform is an amalgamation of the intel and Samsung backed open interconnect consortium organization and the UPnP forum which is working hard to become the leading open-source standard group for IoT and its OCF IoTivity depends on RESTful, JSON and CoAp.

OIC was created in July 2014. The first version of OCF 1.0 was released in September 2015 for the core framework, smart home device, resource type, security, and remote access capabilities

10. OpenHAB

Open Source IoT Platform - OpenHABOpenHAB IoT framework is capable of running on any device that is capable of running a JVM. All the IoT technologies are abstracted by the modular stack into “items”, and offer rules, scripts, and supports for persistence—the ability to retain device states for a period of time.

It offers a variety of web-based UIs and is supported by major Linux hacker boards. It is deployed on-premise and connects to devices and services from different vendors.

No IoT Platform Services Device Management Platform Price
1 KAA IoT Supports Various Hardware Types, Device Management, Reliably Collect Data, Configuration Management, Support Various Integrations, Command Execution, Connect Devices directly or via Gateways Yes KAA CLOUD 5 Free Up to 5 devices For personal use
2 MACCHINA.io Secure Web Access To IoT Devices From Anywhere, Remote Control Of IoT Devices With Apps and Voice Assistants, Secure Remote Management via Shell and Desktop (VNC & RDP). Yes macchina.io Remote Manager Free Up to 5 devices
3 ZETTA Run Everywhere, API Every Thing, Support almost all Device Protocols. No Open Source, Free
4 GE PREDIX Providing expertise, support, and training to maximize your IIoT software Yes As per Customer Needs
5 ThingSpeak Send data to ThingSpeak from your devices, create instant visualization of live data with MATLAB, and send alerts. Yes (With MATLAB) As per Customer Requirement
6 DeviceHive Provide End-to-End Solutions, Consulting and Commercial Support, Device Enablement, etc. No Open Source, Free
7 DSA (Distributed Services Architecture) Provides an open-source Apache 2.0 licensed implementation of a DSBroker written in Dart. No Open Source, Free

Top 10 Open Source IoT Frameworks

Choose the Right Open Source IoT App Development Framework

So, these were the top 10 open-source IoT frameworks. By now, we are sure you have a clear understanding of what IoT frameworks are, the different frameworks available in the market, their pros and cons, and their IoT applications to projects. If these feel daunting to you, we recommend getting in touch with us who is a top-notch IoT app development company.

Read More: How to Design an End-to-End Healthcare IoT Platform?

We are a specialist IoT services provider, have been working on a few IoT platforms, and have set up a completely new, highly motivated team of IoT engineers who passionately want to be part of the next-generation technology! Feel free to share your inputs about this article in the comments section.

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Nisarg Mehta Nisarg Mehta

Nisarg Mehta, CEO & Chairman of Techtic Solutions, is the vision of the company. Nisarg is active in operations in his daily routine as he is one of the key decision makers in terms of technological advancements of the company. He is a friendly leader with hardworking, motivating, visionary and passionate personality.

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