React Native vs. Flutter: Select the Best Framework

Sector: Technology

Author: Nisarg Mehta

Date Published: 01/11/2022

Native VS Flutter

Selecting a precise framework for your application relies on its productivity and functionalities. A sluggishly developed app will lead to overhead on a user’s device.

This scenario is where the long-lasting clash between native and cross-platform development comes into the picture. This explicit clash is also observed among the powerful cross-platform development frameworks, specifically across React Native vs. Flutter.

What is React Native?

React Native is a dynamic framework for cross-platform development. Facebook crafted React Native. It is used in developing mobile applications leveraging JavaScript language. It enables the crafting of applications for both iOS and Android utilizing a single codebase. It predominantly uses the same design as React.

Here are the statistics for the utilization of React Native:

What is Flutter?

Flutter is an interface developing tool that leverages the Dart programming language. It is a precise Google user interface and open-source framework. It specifically targets web, desktop, and mobile platforms from a single codebase. Furthermore, it enables its own Dart native compiler to build hardware-optimized applications for the ARM architecture.

Flutter has been frequently upgraded, and Google has been releasing its fresh versions. Its latest version is 2.2.0, which was publicized in Google I / O in May 2021.

Here are the statistics for the utilization of Flutter

React Native vs. Flutter: A quick overview

React Native vs. Flutter A quick overview

React Native and Flutter: Benefits and Drawbacks

Here we will discuss the different scenarios of React Native and Flutter benefits as well as drawbacks.

React Native Benefits

React Native framework is quite mature and possesses immense community. It is simple and straightforward to learn. There are sufficient tutorials and libraries, which enable swift development through this framework. Its code can be effortlessly reused for both web applications and desktop application development. It backs –

  • Native rendering
  • Use rich ecosystem
  • Facilitate smart debugging
  • Enable hot-reloading

React Native Drawbacks

If your application requires managing less common or most specific tasks such as calculations in the backend, React Native is not recommended. Here, you would need tailored communication through Bluetooth, which can be complicated to execute.

In the other scenario, if you want to develop an iOS application and you have experience in JavaScript, you can move forward with React Native. However, if you need an Android-only application, it is advised to craft it natively with the other team. This scenario is because the iOS platform currently has better support than Android. Furthermore, it does not back parallel threading and multi-processing, leading to sluggish performance levels.

Flutter Benefits

Flutter offers a better look and feels through its superior widgets. It has a quickly growing popularity and maturing community. It offers exceptional documentation with robust support and backing from the Flutter team. Flutter enhances the web by providing one codebase across mobile and web-based platforms. It is tough to beat the Flutter platform with respect to time-to-market length. It backs –

  • Facilitate hot-reloading
  • Superior widgets
  • Flawless integrations
  • Allow swift shipping
  • Enable better code sharing

Flutter Drawbacks

If your application requires backing the 3D touch, Flutter is not recommended. In the other scenario, if your application needs numerous interactions with an OS; or demands rare, less known native libraries, Flutter is not the best fit.

Flutter is not suggested if you want minimalistic UI and depend on the use of the phone-based hardware. It is also unfavorable to crafting small-sized and instantaneous apps through the Flutter framework.

Across Flutter, vector graphics and animation backing have challenges in enabling plugins right on time. It cannot promptly push patches and updates into apps without going through the benchmarked release procedures.

11 Comparison aspects between React Native and Flutter

In our efforts to assist decision-makers in selecting the precise technology stack, here we match React Native and Flutter with eleven comparison aspects between them.

1) Performance level comparison

The variance between the performances of React Native and Flutter is pretty controversial. Let’s discuss how both of them stand out concerning performance levels.

How is React Native better with respect to performance?

React Native has slightly lesser performance levels related to Flutter. This scenario is since the JavaScript connection is leveraged to interconnect amongst native modules. For every interval, the frames that get dropped in a React Native’s application are more compared to Flutter.

In some scenarios, the apps take more time to enable programs, making them stammer. You can enhance your application’s performance levels by leveraging 3rd party libraries that optimize bytecodes. Many professionals use elements such as Slowlog to help set performance timers that can monitor performance challenges and better solve them.

How is Flutter better with respect to performance?

Flutter apps are more efficient as matched to React Native. It does not need a connection to interconnect amongst the native modules. It possesses the default accessibility of native elements and components. The performance levels of apps built with Flutter are better, and the time is taken to enable every frame takes a lesser stretch than React Native.

2) App architecture comparison

React Native and Flutter both provide multiple architectural gains to app developers. Let us discuss them in more detail.

App Architecture backed by React Native

React Native holds a connection among the Native and JavaScript thread. The JavaScript code interconnects with the precise Native API and the platform as per this feature. Across iOS, React Native leverages JavaScriptCore distinctly to operate all codes.

React Native packages the JavaScriptCore within the app in the Android platform. Whereas this might boost the native features and functionality, it even amplifies the application size, leading to performance challenges.

App Architecture backed by Flutter

Flutter’s architecture is precisely layered. The hierarchy of a straightforward app developed on this framework initiates with top-level root functions. It is enabled by widgets that engage with the platform and enabling layers. Just outside the rendering layer is the explicit animation gestures that transmit API calls to the groundwork of the app.

If you want to detach the presentation layer from business logic, you can reflect the enablement of Flutter BLoC. This architecture makes it simpler for professional and junior-level programmers to build complicated apps with small elements and straightforward components.

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3) Fitting comparison for crafting multifaceted apps

Both React Native and Flutter provide explicit documentation, precise guidelines, and 3rd party libraries. It also enables apps with plugins to back development professionals throughout the development procedures.

However, if we match React Native and Flutter in terms of viability, we realize that Flutter is ideal for developing multifaceted applications.

Is React Native fit for developing multifaceted applications?

Yes, you can leverage React Native to build multifaceted apps. However, it is essential to note that it will be prospective only when you encompass native app development laterally with React Native. Your app is more likely to be hybrid than precisely cross-platform at that phase. The complete procedure of developing multifaceted applications with React Native does not merely include JavaScript but the use of native development skillsets.

Is Flutter fit for developing multifaceted applications?

Flutter is not fit to manage more composite development projects. Nevertheless, Startups use it as one of the effective solutions for crafting Minimal Valuable Products (MVP).

It is successfully used to develop swifter prototypes and trim down costs to see your project concept in action. The project concept can be developing two diverse prototypes on iOS and Android respectively with Flutter and analyzing the outcomes in the marketplace. Subsequently, you can capitalize more and take your project concept from modest to multifaceted ones.

4) Testing comparison

Sustaining the seamless functioning of precise code with nominal time and effort is one of the principal objectives of development. Let us explore React Native and Flutter apps, to know which are simpler to test.

How simpler is it to test React Native applications?

React Native claims of no authorized backing for UI and Integration testing. There are some unit-level testing frameworks accessible to test React Native applications. Most of the time, programmers have to opt for 3rd party tools to enable builds, further testing, and release automation.

The complete framework doesn’t provide automated steps to enable the iOS applications to App Store. It recommends programmers state the manual procedure of deploying the applications using Xcode.

How simpler is it to test a Flutter application?

Flutter provides support for automated testing and works with a dart. It offers multiple testing functionalities to test applications. It also provides comprehensive documentation correlated to it. Flutter with precise documentation helps release Android and iOS applications directly on the Play Store and App Store correspondingly.

5) Community comparison

With each updated version, the gratitude of the developer community has enlarged for React Native and Flutter. Let us discuss how community interactions differ between React Native and Flutter.

How immense is the community across React Native?

The React Native community and framework contributors on GitHub have been maturing. There are around 2,207+ expert React developers who dynamically share their practices. Even a beginner can straightforwardly pursue assistance in building React Native apps. There are more than 19.8k live React Native projects wherein programmers collaborate to resolve current technical challenges.

How immense is the community across Flutter?

Flutter community is ahead with some more grip when compared to React Native. However, the expert contributors are 662+, which is pretty lesser matched to React Native. The live projects being branched by the community collectively is 13.7k, where flutter developers can get assistance in project development.

6) Modularity backing comparison

The Modularity facet is the degree of enabling diverse professionals with unalike technical skill sets to work across one single project. Let us compare React Native and Flutter with respect to the Modularity aspect.

React Native backing modularity

React Native provides lesser modularity backing when matched to Flutter. Android, Reactjs, and iOS programmers find it tough to relate between them. Without proficiency levels, diverse team members may have challenges with code fragmentation. However, React Native provides the likelihood to blend straightforward native components of varied OS platforms for diverse programmers to work mutually.

Flutter backing modularity

Flutter provides enhanced access for team assortment and project codes partition into unalike modules using the pub package system. The development team can effortlessly craft diverse modules with the plugin capability and modify the codebase.

7) Code sustainability comparison

With equally significant communities and technology support, React Native and Flutter differ with respect to sustaining the code for your app. Let us compare them on code maintenance and sustenance factors.

Sustaining code in React Native apps

Here, updating and debugging the code is a challenge. When you enable the code to fit your app, it inhibits the framework’s overall logic and reduces the development competencies. Even some libraries are outmoded and cannot be upheld suitably due to the problems that come along with them.

Sustaining code in Flutter apps

Flutter apps are effortless to sustain. The straightforwardness of code aids developers highlights problems, source exterior tools, and back 3rd party libraries. The Hot Reloading functionality solves challenges quickly. Flutter is better than React Native in releasing higher quality upgrades, and time is taken for app modifications concerning coding.

8) User experience comparison

An expressive user experience enables you to track client journeys on your web portals that are most beneficial for swifter business success. Let us discuss how user experience differs between React Native and Flutter.

React Native’s capacity to offer the finest user experience

The material design and style design are changing by every day. So, it is becoming challenging for React Native to uphold the continuous transformation in the demands of native platforms. Furthermore, ready-made React Native UI kits turn it even more problematic to build reliable designs across diverse platforms. Nevertheless, some useful elements assist React Native in enhancing the user experience across multiple platforms. These elements include Modal components, ScrollView fixed header, Activity indicators, Pagination, and Snap carousels.

Flutter’s capacity to offer the finest user experience

Flutter provides a superior UX with effective tools, components, and tailored widgets. The generational garbage collection functionality is an integral part of Dart. It assists in building UI frames for object codes that may be provisional. This functionality of Dart assigns objects within a solitary pointer bump that evades user interface clutter and shutter of animation hold up during the app-building procedure.

9) Application and team size comparison

React Native can reiterate apps quicker and at a lesser size being better than Flutter. Furthermore, by facilitating Proguard and other essential elements, you can further trim down the size through the auto-generating split builds for exterior and native libraries.

On the other hand, the size of these apps in Flutter depends on the Virtual Machine of Dart and the C/C++ engine. Nevertheless, Flutter can self-contain codes and resources to evade size apprehensions.

10) Learning curve comparison

Learning React Native is significantly straightforward for those who have developed apps utilizing JavaScript. React Native offers numerous libraries, documents, and tutorials that enhance the overall learning curve.

On the other hand, creating code with Dart might be slightly uncommon, but that’s what makes development with Flutter simpler. With respect to documentation, Flutter is better than React Native.

11) Developer’s rates comparison

The below table includes the React Native vs. Flutter yearly salary indication based on the newest data offered by top recruitment sites.

React Native and Flutter - eveloper’s rates comparison

The Success of React Native and Flutter

Many successful and top market players use React Native and Flutter. Here are some of the leading apps made on these individual platforms.

Leading applications made with React Native.

  1. Bloomberg – Modernized the ease-of-access and enabled adapted content for a diverse user base with automated code refreshing functionalities.
  2. Walmart – Enhanced user experience by crafting seamless in-app animations similar to native features.
  3. Facebook – Built a dynamic and supportive mobile user interface with modest navigation.
  4. Instagram – Facilitated push notification as WebView without developing navigation-based infrastructure.
  5. Wix – Attained higher swiftness and suppleness in crafting configurable navigations and diverse screen choices.

Leading applications made with Flutter.

  1. eBay – Empowered eBay Motors by tailored Artificial Intelligence (AI) functionalities and blending Flutter and Firebase to craft autoML.
  2. Alibaba – Built a solitary tap navigation experience for all apps with superior FPS and a single code base.
  3. Google Ads – Used dart packages, firebase Ad Mob plugins, and inert efficacy classes of Flutter to offer transferrable UX in Android and iOS.
  4. BMW – Crafted higher performance UI by leveraging flutter_bloc for handling stuff.
  5. Tencent – Developed a linked and shared device experience amongst users with multi-platform backing with lesser than five programmers.

The future of React Native and Flutter

Facebook is concentrating on an immense scale technology re-architecture. The React Native team is working to enhance support for the users and the extensive community. Furthermore, the community can now straightforwardly propose variations to the framework’s core features by an RFC procedure that utilizes a devoted GitHub repo.

With quick enhancements in the Flutter SDK, Google endures enhancing its tool. Additionally, the community is always supportive and passionate. Flutter allows you to craft mobile apps along with apps for the desktop and web. The desktop support of Flutter is currently accessible as a beta release.

Moving Forward: Choosing the best framework for your subsequent project

So, React Native is an effective framework to develop straightforward native and cross-platform apps. On the other hand, Flutter does a fantastic job at building numerous iterations and MVP project applications.

Hence, it is advised for project success; you need to team up with professionals and developers who have assorted technical proficiency.

At Techtic, a leading mobile app development company, we build applications that are more engaging and highly flexible. You can hire our React Native and Flutter developers for your tailored development requirements now. Let’s get in touch to discuss your successive development projects and together attain technology accomplishments.

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